Bengal tigers are the most common subspecies of a tiger. They are primarily found in the Indian Subcontinent which is why they are also known as Indian tigers. Bengal tigers are one of the world’s largest cats—second only to Siberian tigers.
Bengal Tiger Habitat
Bengal tigers make homes in a wide variety of habitats such as mangrove forests, tropical dry forests, moist deciduous forests, temperate upland forests, tropical evergreen forests, subtropical moist deciduous forests, alluvial grasslands, scrub forests, wet deciduous forests, and subtropical upland forests. They had once occupied much of the grassland and semi-deciduous forests adjacent to Brahmaputra plains and Gangetic but now these habitats are converted to agriculture lands.
Bengal Tiger Distribution
The largest population of Bengal tigers occurs in India where it inhabits numerous national reserves and parks. The tiger is found in Melghat Tiger Reserve, Orissa dry forests, Hazaribagh National Park, Ratapani Tiger Reserve, Panna National Park, Indravati Tiger Reserves, and Kanha-Pench. It also lives in Bandipur, Periyar, Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, and Kalakad-Mundathurai.
The tiger is found in Melghat Tiger Reserve, Orissa dry forests, Hazaribagh National Park, Ratapani Tiger Reserve, Panna National Park, Indravati Tiger Reserves, and Kanha-Pench.
Bengal tigers also occur in Bangladesh. They live in the forests of Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sundarbans. In Nepal they live in Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. Bengal cats are also distributed in the subtropical foothills of Bhutan.