what do sumatran tigers eat
Sumatran tigers in London Zoo. ©Base Structures

What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat? – Sumatran Tiger Diet & Eating Habits

November 5, 2017
1 min read

This article is all about Sumatran tiger diet. We have researched some of the most interesting facts about what do Sumatran tigers eat. The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of the rarest tigers in the world. There are only few wild tigers surviving on the Indonesian island, Sumatra. Sumatran cats prefer to live in dense natural forests which receive very little rainfall each year. They are exclusively meat-eaters.

What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat? – Sumatran Tiger Diet

Like other tigers, Sumatran tigers also prey on medium-sized to large ungulates such as Malayan tapir, sambar deer, Indian muntjac, greater mouse-deer, lesser mouse-deer, and banded pig. Above all, Sumatran tigers like to eat deer and pig.

They are at the top of food chain in Sumatra. Apart from ungulates, Sumatran tigers also eat a wide variety of other animals such as pig-tailed macaque, fowls, crocodiles, fish, and great argus.

They can eat as much as 40 kilograms of meat a day. Over the past few decades, tigers have declined significantly in numbers. As it turns out, many ungulates as well as native birds appear to have increased in population. The decline in Sumatran tiger’s population has disturbed the entire ecosystem of the Sumatran Island.

what do sumatran tigers eat
Sumatran tigers in London Zoo. ©Base Structures

Sumatran tigers less likely live in forests which occur near human settlement. They feel home at uncultivated habitats with thick understory. They make homes in habitats which are dominated by acacia plantations. Sumatran cats usually live near water.

What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat in Captivity?

Sumatran tiger’s diet in captivity is quite different from that in the wild. Wild tigers have a varied diet as they eat just about anything ranging from small birds to a large ungulate. The captive specimens consume foods which are rich in vitamins.

Breeders and zoologists typically feed tigers with horse meat which probably keeps the tiger healthy. Besides, breeders raise tigers for reproduction and feed them only those foods that help tigers in reproducing cubs. Sumatran tigers are fed 10 kilograms of meat each day in captivity.


“Periyar Tiger Reserve”. www.periyartigerreserve.org. Retrieved 2015-10-29.

O’Brien, T. G.; Kinnard, M. F. & Wibisono, H. T. (2003). “Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape”. Animal Conservation. 6 (2): 131–139. doi:10.1017/S1367943003003172.

 What Do Sumatran Tigers Eat? – Video

I am a contributing author and co-founder of animalsanswers.com. Every now and then i find myself hooked to my laptop researching and trying to discover new species of animals.

Latest from Blog

Cane Rat (Thryonomyidae)

Cane rats are robust rodents with stocky bodies, small ears, and short tails; body covered with sharply pointed, but pliable, spiny hairs; broad, heavily built orange-colored chisel-shaped incisors, with the upper ones grooved longitudinally at the front. They will make habitats in grasslands and wooded savanna. What Do Cane Rats…

What Do Antbirds Eat?

Antbirds (Formicariidae) are small to medium-sized songbirds with short, rounded wings, a short or long tail, and a stout or slender bill slightly hooked at the tip, feed on insects on the ground or in trees or thickets; prey is usually gleaned from foliage, although some species also catch flying…

Where Do Mountain Beavers Live?

Mountain beavers do not hibernate and so are active throughout winter. They are primarily nocturnal but are frequently active for short periods during the day. Mountain Beaver Habitat Habitats used by mountain beavers vary, but are typically forests with dense patches of herbs and shrubs. This vegetation supplies not only…

What Do Pangolins Eat?

Pangolins love munching on bugs, especially ants and termites. They sniff out their insect feasts, and sometimes the big pangolins go for the larger bugs. What’s on the menu can change depending on what’s available or the time of year. What Do Pangolins Eat? Pangolins can be a bit choosy,…

Proper Nutrition for Pets

Pet care is a complicated topic, as it is challenging to come to a single opinion. However, most owners will agree that the choice of food has a substantial impact on the condition of cats and dogs. Since much depends on the correct determination of needs, it is worth paying…
Go toTop