Arctic foxes are the ones perfectly suited to inhabiting the freezing Arctic tundra. It is also called polar fox or white fox. The polar fox makes habitat in the alpine tundra as well as arctic sea ice. The fox lives in open areas which lack trees, probably plains and shrubby habitats.
The arctic fox is widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere including North America, Greenland, Canadian Archipelago, Svalbard, Eurasia, Russia, Scandinavia, Siberian islands, and Iceland. Like polar bears, polar foxes are quite adapted to living in the North Pole. The southern population occurs in the subarctic areas, Gulf of Alaska, Hudson Bay, and the Bering Sea.
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Angerbjörn, A., Hersteinsson, P. and Tannerfeldt, M. (2004) Arctic fox Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (Eds) Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs – 2004 Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.